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Sexuality is a central aspect of the human being present throughout your life and includes sex, identities and gender roles, sexual orientation, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction. Sexuality is lived and expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, practices and roles, as well as in interpersonal relationships.

Although sexuality can include all these dimensions, not all of them are always lived or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors.

What is sexuality?

The term "sexuality" is broader and refers to a fundamental dimension of the fact of being human; it includes sex, gender, gender and sexual identities, sexual orientation, eroticism, affective bonding, pleasure, love and reproduction. Later, each of these terms will be defined. Sexuality is experienced or expressed in the form of thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, activities, practices, roles and relationships. It is the result of the interaction of biological, psychological, socioeconomic, cultural, ethical and religious or spiritual factors. In short, sexuality is practiced and expressed in everything we are, feel, think and do.

What is sex?

Refers to the set of biological characteristics that differentiates men (males) from women (females). During development, at puberty and adolescence, these anatomical and physiological characteristics become more noticeable.

What is a sexual relationship?

A sexual relationship is a physical encounter, which can also be emotional and bonding that produces sensations, feelings, emotions and pleasure. Two or more people can participate although it is usually done between two.


The sexual act goes beyond simple genital contact; it is an intimate way of expressing our emotions and desires, in which we can show affection or love, give and receive pleasure, and it is also a special form of communication.


In each sexual relationship the sexual responses of the people who participate are combined. Each one responds differently according to their gender condition, their experiences, their feelings and their way of being.

What is a healthy relationship?

A healthy relationship includes the presence of mutual respect, clear and honest communication, as well as the existence of a true intention to dialogue and seek agreements with empathy towards the points of view of each party. Beyond this, a relationship should be based on love for the other person, without forgetting the importance of loving each other.


Secretaría de Salud del Distrito Federal. (2015). Por mí, por ti, por tod@s: Información vital para la salud sexual. Recuperado de (P. 9, 14, 46 y 65)

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